This Article Include an Instructions from Ford Antique Cars Operation Guide
Ford Antique Cars Operation Guide Article Content
- Insert Key and Unlock Ignition
- Open Dash Carburetor Adjustment
- Pull Primer Upward and Press Starter Button
- When Engine Starts
- To Stop the Engine
- Starting the Car
- Driving the Car
- Spark Control
- Parking and Etc
Insert Key and Unlock Ignition
Insert the Ignition Switch Key in the lock and turn to the right. This allows the Cylinder of the Switch to come out approximately 1/4″, connecting the Ignition Circuit. The Ignition Lock is a combination Switch and Lock, and affords full protection not only in the lock itself, but by enclosing the Ignition Wire leading to the distributor in a double metal cable. This locks meets the exacting requirements of the underwriters in regard to theft insurance. When the Switch is unlocked the key may be removed.
Open Dash Carburetor Adjustment
Turn the Carburetor Adjustment one-half to three-quarters of a turn to the left if the engine is cold. This gives a rich fuel mixture for starting.
Note—If the engine is well warmed up, it will not be necessary to open the adjustment more than for normal operation.
Pull Primer Upward and Press Starter Button
The Carburetor Adjusting Rod serves also as a choke. Pull this rod upwards all the way (if the engine is cold), at the same time pressing the Starter Button with the foot. Note— If the engine is hot, it should not require priming.
When Engine Starts
The instant the engine starts remove foot from the Starter Button, and release the Choke Rod.Do not hold the choke rod up too long as the Cylinders will become flooded, causing the engine to stop.Should this happen, turn the engine over several times with the starter, leaving the Choke Rod in. This should be sufficient to clear the excess fuel from the Cylinders, after which the engine can be started as described.
With the engine running, advance the Spark Lever about half-way down the quadrant, or to the best operating position. Close the Throttle by pushing the right hand Lever upward until the engine is turning over at the proper idling speed. When the engine becomes warm, turn the Carburetor Adjustment to its normal position, (about 1/2 turn open).
DO NOT RACE THE ENGINE WHEN RUNNING FREE.
To Stop the Engine
To stop the engine simply push in on the barrel of the lock until it snaps back into its locked position. This disconnects the Ignition circuit and locks it. When locked all parts of the distributor are grounded.
Note—MAKE SURE THAT THE BARREL OF THE LOCK IS IN WHEN THE ENGINE IS STOPPED, OTHERWISE THE BATTERY MAY BE DISCHARGED.
Starting the Car
( Start the engine as above described )
Release the Hand Brake
When the car is on level ground the Hand Brake should be released first. If the car is on a slope, the Hand Brake should not be released until the moment the clutch is engaged.
Disengage the Clutch
Disengage the clutch by pressing the left foot pedal all the way dawn.
Move the Gear Shift Lever to (Low)
With the Clutch disengaged, move the Gear Shift Lever to the left and back into low speed position. Should the lever not come back move again to neutral and release the clutch, starting over again as above described. Releasing the clutch causes the gears to spin to a position where they will mesh properly.
Engage Clutch Gradually at the Same Time Slightly
With the Gear Shift Lever properly engaged in low speed, gradually allow the Clutch Pedal to come back to engaged position, at the same time slightly increasing the engine speed by pressing on the accelerator pedal. This operation causes the car to move forward in low gear.
Accelerate to 5 to 8 Miles per Hour
As the car gathers momentum gradually press the accelerator until the car reaches a speed of from five to eight miles per hour. Then engage second or intermediate gear as follows :
Release Pressure From Accelerator and
Releasing the pressure from the accelerator allows the engine to slow down so the Transmission Gears may mesh without noise. Press the Clutch Pedal all the way down.
Move Shift Lever to Intermediate
To shift to intermediate, move the lever forward to neutral, through neutral to the right, and on forward into intermediate. An easy method for this is to place the hand on the Gear Shift Lever, and press to the right and forward. The pressure to the right will carry the lever through neutral.
Engage Clutch and Accelerate to From 12 to 15
Miles per Hour
The momentum of the car allows a more rapid engagement of the clutch than when moving away from a standstill. Accelerate to from 12 to 15 miles per hour and engage high gear as follows :
Remove Foot From Accelerator and Disengage Clutch
Again press the clutch all the way down.
Move Gear Shift Lever to High
This move is straight back from intermediate. Do not jerk the lever. A firm deliberate movement will achieve best results. A momentary pause as the lever passes neutral will insure a silent shift. With a little practice the timing of the shifting operation will become automatic.
With the clutch engaged, the speed of the car is regulated by pressing on the accelerator.
To Stop Car
Remove the foot from the Accelerator and press gradually on the right hand or Brake Pedal. When the engine has slowed down to practically idling speed, release the clutch and bring the car to a full stop with the brakes. Keep the clutch disengaged until the Gear Shift Lever has been moved to neutral position.
Except in emegencies where sudden stops are necessary, the car should always be brought to a stop gradually.
New drivers should spend considerable time familiarizing themselves with shifting gears and stopping the car, so that these operations become automatic, the natural thing to do in case of emergency.
When the Brake Pedal is depressed, the stop light at the rear of the car is turned on by a small switch under the Floor Board, controlled by the Brake Pedal movement.
Driving the Car
The various speeds required for average road conditions are obtained by varying the pressure on the accelerator. Practically all running speeds are obtained in high gear. The low and second gears are used principally for giving momentum in starting and when the engine is subjected to a heavy load such as in deep sand, or on steep hills.
To Reverse the Car
Before attempting to engage the Reverse Gear, bring the car to a full stop. To shift into Reverse Gear, proceed as in low, except that the Gear Shift Lever is moved to the left and forward.
To Shift From High to Intermediate Gear
It should not be necessary to shift to intermediate gear at speeds of 15 miles per hour or more. Release the clutch,
move Gear Shift Lever quickly into intermediate and engage clutch. Do not hesitate passing neutral.
For average operation the Spark Lever should be about half way down the quadrant. The spark should be advanced (pulled down), as the speed of the car increases, and retarded (pushed up) when the speed decreases. The spark advanced too far will cause a sharp “ping” or knock when a heavy load is placed on the engine. It will also cause an uneven jerking when the car is running slowly in high gear. When the spark is too far retarded, the engine will be sluggish in operation. Familiarity with the proper positions of the Spark Lever for most satisfactory performance will soon be acquired from ob-
serving their effects.
Do Not Rest Foot on Clutch Pedal
Do not make a practice of resting the foot on the Clutch Pedal while driving, as this may cause ,the clutch to slip and unnecessarily wear the facings on the discs.
Descending a Hill
When descending long grades, have the transmission in gear, the clutch engaged and the ignition on. This allows the engine to turn over against compression and act as brake.
On steep grades the car should be in intermediate gear before the descent is started. On exceptionally steep grades low speed should be used. This increases the braking action of the engine.
Always have the Ignition Switch on when descending an incline. Shutting off the switch allows raw fuel to be drawn into the cylinders, which washes the lubricant from the cylinder walls. Also not exploded gas collects in the muffler and when the switch is again turned on there is a possibility of blowing out the muffler.
When parking in a limited space, swing the car in towards the opening, then out to about one-half car length ahead, and back in.
Ford Antique Cars Operation Guide Article Source : This Article courtesy should goes to – ” Ford The New Car ” Instruction Book by Ford Motor Company of Canada in 1922.